Japanese Pocky vs Korean Pepero: The Battle of the Chocolate Biscuit Sticks

Pocky and Pepero are both chocolate covered biscuit sticks. So what’s the difference?

Japanese Pocky (ポッキー ) came first and were first sold in Japan in 1966 by the Glico company. Since 1966, Pocky has produced a variety of different flavors for Pocky. Some flavors include strawberry, cookies and cream, orange, banana, green tea, and coconut. Pocky also has some unusual flavors such as lychee, sweet potato, black sesame, and kiwifruit mango.

Pockypocky flavors

Korean Pepero (빼빼로) were sold in South Korean since 1983 by the Lotte confectionary company. Pepero also has a variety of flavors for their biscuit sticks such as chocolate, strawberry, white chocolate, almond with chocolate, mint chocolate, peanut butter, dark chocolate, blueberry yogurt, tiramisu, melon, and so on.

peperopepero peanut

I personally do not have a preference. I have tried both pocky and pepero and to be honest, I don’t taste a difference. They pretty much taste the same to me, probably because they are almost the same thing except for the fact that they produce some different flavors. I have noticed in the United States, however, it is much easier to find and buy pocky in stores such as your local grocery store than it is to find and buy pepero. The only places I was able to find pepero were Asian food markets and possibly F.Y.E.

What do you prefer: Pocky or Pepero?

How to Say Hello in 15 Languages

One of my goals in life is to be able to greet someone in 15 different languages. So here is my list on how to say hello in 15 different languages:

  1. Hello/Hi-English
  2. Hola-Spanish
  3. Olá-Portuguese
  4. Bonjour-French
  5. Hallo/Guten Tag/Servus-German
  6. Hej/Goddag-Danish
  7. Ciao-Italian
  8. 你好 (nĭ hăo)-Mandarin Chinese
  9. こんにちは (konnichiwa)-Japanese
  10. 안녕하세요 (anyeonghaseyo)-Korean
  11. नमस्ते (namaste)-Hindi
  12. Salve-Latin
  13. привет (privet)-Russian
  14. Merhaba-Turkish
  15. مرحبا (marhaba)-Arabic


Baek-il: 100 Days

Baek-il (백일) is a Korean celebration of a baby’s first 100 days of life. It is a big milestone for a baby to reach 100 days. Back in the day, babies would pass away because of illnesses and poor living conditions. Parents would try and avoid bringing their babies outside until they were 100 days old, since 100 days was a sign that babies would see their first birthday.

On baek-il, parents pray and worship the spirit, Samshin. They offered rice and soup to the spirit to thank her for helping the baby and the parents through this difficult time period. Afterwards, family, friends, and relatives celebrate with rice cakes, fruits, and other treats. Usually during this celebration, the parents dress their baby in a traditional Korean hanbok.

The Difference Between Korean Kimbap and Japanese Sushi

Korean kimbap and Japanese sushi look the same, but are they really the same thing? The answer is yes and no.

Japanese sushi consists of vinegared rice, which is combined with other ingredients like raw seafood and vegetables. Japanese sushi has various types. Some of these include:

makizushi, also known as norimaki (rolled sushi)              makizushi

nigirizushi (hand-pressed sushi)                                                      nigirizushi

chirashizushi (scattered sushi)                                        chirashizushi

inarisushi (pouch sushi) -fried tofu pouch filled with cooked vinegared riceinarizushi

oshizushi (box sushi)                                                   oshizushi

Korean kimbap is like a variant of Japanese norimaki. In kimbap, however, the rice is usually mixed with sesame oil. Kimbap usually contains rice, vegetables (carrots, kimchi, pickled radish, etc.), meat (beef, ham, crab, etc), and fried egg.




Oppa, Noona, Unnie, & Hyung

I’m sure most of you heard of Psy’s Gangnam Style before. If you had, you would have heard the line, “Oppan Gangnam style.” frequently. This literally means in Korean, “Oppa is Gangnam Style.” But what exactly does oppa mean?

In South Korea, there are four terms you will hear people call other people whom they are close with: 오빠 (oppa), 누나 (noona), 언니 (unnie),  (hyung)

Now, let me explain this a bit further since it gets more complicated.

If you are a girl, you would call your big brother/older guy friend/older guy cousin: oppa. And you would call your older sister/older friend (who is a girl)/older girl cousin: unnie.

If you are a boy, then you would call your big brother/older guy friend/older guy cousin: hyung. And you would call your older sister/older friend (who is a girl)/older girl cousin: noona.

And let me emphasize that you can only use these terms with people that you are very close with: siblings, best friend/really close friends/ cousins.

You would not call your older male boss “hyung/oppa” or your aunt “noona/unnie” or even your next door neighbor “oppa/hyung/unnie/noona” (unless they happen to be your sibling or best friend).

There is also a term to call your younger sibling/friend/cousin/etc-동생 (dongsaeng). A younger girl sister/friend/cousin is 여동생 (yeodongsaeng) while a younger boy sibling/friend/cousin is 남동생 (namdongsaeng). However, dongsaeng is widely less used than oppa, noona, unnie, and hyung. Most people just call the younger person by their name.

Now, if you are confused on who calls who oppa, noona, unnie, and hyung-let me give you a few examples:

Me to my older brother: “안녕 오빠!/Annyeong oppa!” Hi older brother!

Me to my older girl friend Minji: “언니, 뭐해?/Unnie, mwo-hae?” Minji-ya, what are you doing?

Psy (his real name is Park Jae Sang) to his older brother Park Jae Shin (who I made up for this example): “, 가자!/Hyung, ga-ja!” Jae Shin-ah, let’s go!

Psy to his older sister Park Yoon Hee (who I made up for this example): “누나, 차 마실래?/Noona, cha mashillae?” Yoon Hee-ya, would you like to drink some tea?

꽃미남 Korean Flower Boys, 얼짱 Ulzzang, & 애교 Aegyo

In South Korea, there are three terms you may hear referring to people and beauty: 꽃미남, 얼짱, and 애교. 

Some guys are referred to as  “꽃미남” (kkottminam) or “flower boys.” Flower boys do not look like your average (manly) man. Flower boys are very good-looking, have feminine features, often times wear make-up (like eyeliner) and take good care of their skin, have a good sense of fashion, and are lean (not muscular or bulky). Some examples of Korean flower boys (in my opinion) are Lee Joon Ki, Jung Il Woo, Kim Bum, Yoon Shi Yoon, Lee Min Ho, Song Joong Ki, and Lee Hong Ki.





얼짱 (ulzzang) in Korean means “best face” or “good-looking.” Basically, it means having a very attractive face, above the average. Originally, ulzzang was more of a title than a style. It was used to describe a person following a type of fashion. People desiring to have this status would submit their picture on the internet through entering contests. Their judges would be judged by voters. And many ulzzangs have become well-known because of this or became popular in school for being very attractive. 






Lastly, 애교 (aegyo) is the act of being cute-like a little kid.Some people have natural aegyo, while others have to act overly cute. Girls usually do this more than guys. 

Professor Oh explains and shows how to act aegyo here: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bQJ0b7lSoXU





I must admit, even I act aegyo sometimes, but only to my mom!


Korean Traditional Hanboks

안녕하세요 여러분! Hello everyone!

So for my senior presentation I had to do for school, I decided to do my topic on Korean traditional hanboks. Today, exactly one year ago, is the day I left for South Korea. So let me share my love of South Korea and the Korean culture, and inform you.. Below are all the information on the different components of the Korean 한복 I composed ( and also pictures that go along with them).

*Note: Quite of few of the pictures are of actors and actresses from various historical Korean dramas.

Korean Traditional Hanboks

yellow-pink남자 한복  shin min ah loose hair


The hanbok is the traditional dress of North and South Korea. In North Korea, however, it is called 조선옷 instead of hanbok. The history of the hanbok dates back as far as the Three Kingdoms’ Period (57 B.C.-668 A.D.). In the olden days, the attire differed according to the wearer’s gender, class, profession, social status, and season.

For example-In the summertime, the 양반/yangban (which were members of the highest social class during the Joseon Dynasty) wore hanboks made of ramie, and commoners wore hanboks made of hemp.In the wintertime, the 양반/yangban wore hanboks made of silk and satin, while the commoners wore hanboks made of cotton.

Main Components:

There are two main components of the Korean hanbok. For men, the hanbok is composed of the upper jacket known as 저고리/jeogori and pants known as 바지/baji.

남자 저고리baji

For women, the hanbok is composed of the 저고리/jeogori and the skirt known as 치마/chima.

저고리랑 치마



Korean hanboks are colored by using natural dyes. The colors of nature are imbued in the cloth. For example: to obtain a red color, one would ground red flower petals in a mortar, then put the grounded petals in a jar, and later rinse them with hot caustic soda.

flower petals mortar

flower petals in a mortar

The colors used to make the 저고리/jeogori and 치마/chima depended on the wearer’s social status.  Royalty, court officials, and the upper class wore bright colored hanboks, while commoners wore light earth colored hanboks such as white, pale pink, light green, and charcoal.

bright color hanbok

bright colored hanboks 

earthly colors

light earth colored hanboks 

Symbolism of Colors:

The aesthetic elements of the hanbok embody the Korean sense of beauty. The aesthetic framework is based on the Korean preference for naturalness, desire for supernatural protection and blessings, and the Confucian-style dress code. Traditional hanboks boasted the vivid colors based on the basic hues that correspond with the five elements of the yin and yang theory: metal, fire, wood, water, and earth.Therefore, the main colors worn were commonly white (metal), red (fire), blue (wood), black (water), and yellow (earth).

chinese elements

Koreans often wore white regardless of status, because of its symbolism for purity and modesty. The color white also accentuates the black hair of the Korean people.

하얀 한복

The color red symbolizes good fortune and wealth, thus it was often used for women’s wedding garments.

The color black symbolizes infinity and the fountainhead of all creation. Black was often used for men’s hats.

The color yellow represents the center of the universe, which was often worn by royalty.

노란 한복-공주

The color gold symbolizes the emperor, so back then the general public was not allowed to wear gold colored hanboks.

The color indigo symbolizes constancy, which was often used for the skirts of court ladies and coats of court officials.

court ladies

Young unmarried women wore yellow 저고리/jeogori and red 치마/chima prior to marriage to show their maidenhood, and married women wore green 저고리/jeogori and red 치마/chima after their weddings and when paying their respects to the in-laws.

노란 초록 빤간 한복


Patterns were primarily used to enhance the beauty of Korean hanboks.Plant, animal, and other nature patterns were often added to the rim of the 치마/chima and the areas around the shoulder.

hanbok flower pattern최주왈 pattern

Patterns were also used to represent the wearer’s wishes:

Peonies embroidered on a bridal gown represented a wish for honor and wealth.

Lotus flowers represented a wish for nobility.

Bats and pomegranates represented a wish for children.

An axe-shaped pendant represented a pregnant woman’s wish for a son.

Chinese characters embroidered on hanboks such as 복,회, and 수 were used to represent a wish for (복) good fortune, (회) happiness, and (수) a long life.

hanbok chinese characters baby

Dragons, phoenixes, cranes, and tigers symbolized royalty and high-ranking officials.

김수현 pattern

Other Components:

The other components of the Korean hanbok include the hairstyles, headgear, accessories, overcoats and vests, 동정(dongjeong)/white collar, (git)/the fabric that trims the collar, 끝동 (ggeutdong)/cuffs, 고름 (goreum)/coat strings, 옷고름 (ot-goreum)/the bow formed from the coat strings, 속옷 (sogot)/undergarments, 버선 (beoseon/white socks that were worn by everyone regardless of social status and gender, and shoes.


The white collar above is the 동정/dongjeong and the fabric trimming the collar is the 깃/git.


The purple cuffs of the sleeves above are the 끝동/ggeutdong.


These pictures are an illustration on how to make the coat strings/ribbon known as 고름/goreum into the pretty knot known as 옷고름/ot-goreum.

white socks

The white socks known as 버선/beoseon.

Hairstyles for Men:

Men only had two types of hairstyles to choose from while wearing traditional hanboks. The first is known as 상투/sangtu (topknot), which is when one brings the hair to the top of the head and ties it into a knot. A pin known as 동곳/donggot holds the 상투/sangtu together. The second is to wear the hair loose. 상투/sangtu, however, was more commonly worn than loose hair back then.

이준기 상투


The pin known as 동곳/donggot holds the 상투/sangtu together.

상투/sangtu hairstyle 

loose hair

Loose hairstyle

Headgear for Men:

Men had a multitude of headgear. The most common headgear worn by men was /gat. 갓/gat is a hat made of horse hair that was used to protect the 상투/sangtu and represent the rank of the person wearing it. Underneath the 갓 , men wore 망건/manggeon , a headband worn to keep the hair from falling. Attached to the 망건/manggeon are a pair of small buttons called 관자/gwanja (ring-shaped) or pyeongjam (crescent-shaped). And sometimes, men wore 탕건/tanggeon, a type of sheer hat-which could have also been solely worn indoors.




The headband known as 망건/manggeon.

관자관자 선균관 스캔들

관자/gwanja (ring-shaped buttons)


The sheer hat known as 탕건/tanggeon.

사모/samo is a hat worn with dalleyong,gwanbok, or cheollik by high ranking officials. It is now used for grooms’ headgear.


복건/bokgeon is a headdress made of black fabric that was worn by Confucian scholars and later on, by young boys.


남자아이 복건

흑립/heukrip is a type of 갓 that was worn by 양반/yangban (the upper class), which is usually smaller in size than the traditional 갓/gat.


패랭이/paeraengi is a hat made of bamboo, which was worn by commoners.


삿갓/satgat is a conical-shaped hat made of straw, which was commonly worn by farmers and monks.


벙거지/beunggeoji also known as 전립/jeonrip is a special type of hat for military personnel, which was styled according to the wearer’s rank.



*Look up more on men headgear

Hairstyles for Women:

Unlike men, women had plenty of ways to wear their hair. The most common hairstyle is known as 댕기머리/daengi-meori, which is a style worn only by unmarried women. The hair is made into a braid and a large ribbon is attached to the end of the braid.


Married woman wore 쪽진머리/jjokjin-meori. The hair is brought to the back of the head and tied into a bun. The bun is held and fastened together by a pin.


Married women sometimes wore 얹은머리/eonjeun-meori. Instead of the bun being on the back of the head like the 쪽진머리/jjokjin-meori hairstyle, the bun “rests” on the top of the head. Women used to use real hair to make the bun fuller and more impressive, but using real hair was heavy on the head, expensive, and even caused neck injury and death. A wig known as 가체/gache was later used to make the bun. 가체/gache was expensive so many women could not afford to wear this hairstyle, but 얹은머리/eonjeun-meori was still more popular among the 기생/gisaeng, female entertainers or [sometimes] prostitutes.


Queens, kings’ wives, and queen mothers wore a hairstyle known as 어여머리/eoyeo-meori. The hairstyle mainly consists of wigs such as 다래/darae, which is made into a thick braid and secured on the top of the head.



큰머리/keun-meori is the same as 어여머리/eoyeo-meori, but atop of the 큰머리/keun-meori is a large addition called 떠구지/ddeoguji,which was added for emphasis. 떠구지/ddeoguji was also made of human hair, but was later replaced with wood because of its heavy weight.


Along with the hanbok and hairstyles are accessories. 댕기/daenggi is the large decorative ribbon that ties the end of the braid and is commonly worn with the 댕기머리/daenggi-meori hairstyle (hence the 댕기/daenggi in 댕기머리/daenggi-meori).


배씨댕기/baess[h]i-daenggi is a thin, cloth-like or soft material stuffed into colored cloth that could be worn atop of the head with 댕기머리/daenggi-meori.


비녀/binyeo is the pin that holds the bun of the 쪽진머리/jjokjin-meori hairstyle together. 비녀/binyeo  could be made from wood, bronze, silver, gold, jade, bamboo, or animal bones.


Other accessories that could be worn with the 쪽진머리/jjokjin-meori hairstyle are 뒤꽂이/dwikkoji and 첩지/cheobji. 뒤꽂이/dwikkoji is a smaller accessory added onto the hair as decoration and 첩지/cheobji is a rod-like hairpin used to fasten the knotted hair. 첩지/cheobji is made of metal such as silver and is in shape of a dragon, phoenix, frog, duck, peacock, or flowers.

조선 뒤꽂이


Additional ribbon and round-shaped ornaments known as 떨잠/ddeoljam were added to the braid of the 어여머리/eoyeo-meori and 큰머리/keun-meori hairstyles to create a more luxurious look. The ornaments also depicted the wearer’s rank and position.


노리개/norigae is a common accessory worn on the Korean hanbok. It is tied to the 고름/goreum ,the coat strings, or the waist of the skirt to give the hanbok a more luxurious look. There are many types of 노리개/norigae,but the most popular are 삼작노리개/samjang-norigae,a pendant with three ornaments, and 단작노리개/danjang-norigae, a pendent with one ornament.


은장도/eunjangdo is a silver knife worn as a 노리개/norigae worn for self-defense. Sometimes it holds chopsticks, so the wearer knows the chopsticks are safe from any type of poisoning. It is worn by both men and women.


부채/buchae is a Korean hand fan.

부채 조선부채

각대/gakdae is a belt worn by high ranking officials.


Headgear for Women:

Women also had a variety of headgear. In the wintertime, women wore a variety of caps such as 남바위/nambawi, 조바위/jobawi, 풍차/pungcha, and 아얌/ayam in order to keep their head warm.

A 남바위/nambawi is a unisex winter cap that covers the forehead, upper neck, and ears.


A 조바위/jobawi is a winter cap for women that is open at the top and rounded at the sides to fully covers the ears.


A 풍차/pungcha is a unisex winter cap that is open at the top and is similar in shape with the 남바위/nambawi. The 풍차/pungcha does not cover the top of the head, but fully covers the forehead, back of the head, ears as well as the cheeks –in which the 불끼/bulggi is attached to both sides of the ears of the cap.


An 아얌/ayam is a winter cap worn by women that does not cover the ears, and is sometimes lined with fur. A long ribbon known as 아얌드림/ayam-dream hangs on the back of the cap,  and is sometimes decorated with jade or amber.

아얌 back

Some of the other headgear women wore are 전모/jeonmo, 족두리/jokduri, 화관/hwagwan , 장옷/jang-ot, and 쓰개치마/sseugae-chima.

A 전모/jeonmo is a hat made of bamboo and paper or cloth that was worn with the 얹은머리/eonjeun-meori hairstyle when women went outside. I personally think the 전모/jeonmo is the prettiest out of all the headgears. 전모 제일 좋아요.

전모김민서 전모박민영 ㅇㅖ쁜 전모

족두리/jokduri and 화관/hwagwan are two traditional crowns worn with ceremonial attire. 족두리/jokduri is a type of crown worn by women to complete a ceremonial dress. 족두리/jokduri is usually worn with 원삼/wonsam (see below), a bride’s topcoat that was usually worn by royalty, queens, and court ladies. The top of the crown is adorned with hard paper and cotton filling covered with silk and a cloisonné <kloy-zoh-nay> ornament.


화관/hwagwan is another type of crown worn by women to complete a ceremonial dress. 화관 ,however, was considered more lavish than 족두리/jokduri. It is adorned with butterfly ornaments, five-colored beads, and gold thread. 화관/hwagwan was usually worn with 활옷/hwarot (see below in Ceremonial/Royal Dress), which is a type of bridal topcoat usually reserved for royal women and princesses, or 당의/dangui (see below in Ceremonal/Royal Dress), which is another type of upper garment worn by queens, queen mothers, princesses, and court ladies during ceremonial occasions. 당의/dangui is usually worn on top of the 저고리/jeogori.


장옷/jang-ot and 쓰개치마/sseugae-chima are two types of veils women wore over their head to cover their head, face, and body. 장옷/jang-ot is similar to 저고리/jeogori  and 쓰개치마/sseugae-chima is made like a regular 치마/chima,but 장옷/jang-ot is longer and has a collar, and 쓰개치마/sseugae-chima is a little bit shorter and narrower than the regular 치마/chima.


Overcoats and Vests:

Overcoats and vests were often worn over the hanbok for various reasons.

두루마기/durumagi is an overcoat that was commonly worn by 양반/yangban as a housecoat or by commoners as an outdoor coat. Woman also wore 두루마기/durumagi during special occasions.


/po is an overcoat that was worn by scholars as their daily garment and by government officers while they were out for private business.


마고자/magoja is an outer jacket with long sleeves worn to keep the Korean people warm from the cold weather. It is made of silk and is decorated with one or two buttons that are usually made of amber. 마고자/magoja was originally only worn by men, but later became an unisex garment. Underneath the 마고자/magoja is a thin vest known as 조끼/jokki.


배자/baeja is a sleeveless outer vest worn by both men and women.



There were many types of shoes that were worn with Korean traditional hanboks.

꽃신/kkotshin are silk shoes with flower embroidery.


짚신/jipshin are sandals made from straw that were worn by commoners, servants, and people going out on outings.


미투리/mituri are a type of hemp sandals worn by noblemen /양반 yangban.


나막신/namangshin are wooden clogs worn to protect one’s feet from the mud and rain. It was worn by Koreans of all social positions during the rainy season.


/hye are low cut shoes that are similar to modern day loafers, and there are many variations of 혜/hye.

운혜/unhye (oon-hye)  are a type of women’s 혜/hye made of silk and decorated with colorful silk in the shape of clouds.


당혜/danghye are a type of women’s made from leather that are decorated with scroll decoration.

태사혜/taesahye are a type of men’s 혜/hye made from animal skins with scroll decoration and lined with silk on the inside. 양반/yangban ,however, were the only men able to afford 태사혜/taesahye.


흑혜/heukhye are a type of men’s 혜made from leather and fleece commonly worn by officials, scholars, and 양반/yangban as daily wear. They were usually black in color and one of the most common footwear after 짚신/jipshin.


/hwa are the general term for boots, which were made from leather or velvet and are usually black in color. They were worn by guards, government officers, court members, and people who had an active lifestyle.


Ceremonial/Royal/Other Attire:

Royalty had their own kind of dress. There was also a separate attire for special ceremonies.

Like I said earlier, 활옷/hwarot, which is a type of bridal topcoat usually reserved for royal women and princesses. Not only was it worn with 화관/hwagwan, but also 앞댕기/ap-daenggi (a type of daenggi that is paired and worn in the front), 도투락댕기/doturak-daenggi (a wider silk daenggi that is hung from the crown in the back),용잠/yongjam (a long hairpin/rod that has a dragon’s head at the end), and 대대/daedae (red colored silk sash with gold pattern worn around the waist and tied to the back of the 활옷/hwarot.


ap daenggi앞댕기




용잠용잠 머리

원삼/Wonsam is another type of bridal topcoat made by silk worn by royalty, noble women, and high ranking court ladies. during ceremonies. Commoners were allowed to wear 원삼/Wonsam. The color of the 원삼/Wonsam, however, depicted the wearer’s rank. For example, the color gold/yellow was worn by empresses, red by queens, magenta by princess consorts and concubines, and green by princesses and the wives of 양반/yangban. Commoners also wore green, but they were only allowed to wear green for their wedding ceremonies.


당의/Dangui is another type of upper garment worn by queens, queen mothers, princesses, and court ladies during ceremonial occasions. The only difference between the 당의/dangui of royalty and court ladies is the gold pattern on royalty’s 당의/dangui (and on the 치마/chima) known as 금박/geumbak (which could only be worn by royalty).  당의/dangui is usually worn on top of the 저고리/jeogori.

당의김민서 pattern

홍룡포/Hongryongpo is the everyday clothes decorated by gold patterns that was worn by the king. 홍룡포/Hongryongpo is red, because back then the King was not allowed to wear gold due to the Chinese’s influence. It was worn with a hat known as 익선관/ikseongwan and 각대/gakdae (belt-look above in Accessories).  Fun fact: When the Chinese was weakened politically, King Kojong changed his title from King to Emperor in 1897, thus he started to wear 황포/hwangpo (emperor’s every day clothes that was gold).



철릭/Cheollik is a type of clothing worn by kings, military officials, and other various officers which is usually worn with 사모samo  or 전립/jeonrip (look above in Headgear for Men).


Present Day:

In today’s age, Korean hanboks are more modern and simplified.They are now worn based on the wearer’s personal taste and style, and not according to the wearer’s class, profession, or social class like in the olden days.Korean hanboks are now only worn during special holidays, festivities, certain birthdays, weddings, special anniversaries, and special events-such as 추석/Chuseok, 설날/Seollal, a child’s 1st birthday, and an adult’s 60th birthday.

However, hanboks are still the casual wear in villages or districts where the traditional ways of life are maintained such as Cheonghak-dong on Mount Jirisan.There are also historical sights and museums such as the Korean Folk Village and Gyeongbokgung Palace in South Korea in which workers wear traditional Korean hanboks and give visitors insight on the Korean traditional way of life.

Even though traditional Korean hanboks are not as commonly worn as they were before, they are still a way for those like myself to show pride and embrace their Korean heritage.

On the Road to Fluency

I’ve been speaking two languages ever since I was born-English and Korean. Of course, my English was more dominant than my Korean since I lived in the United States and I was spoken to more in English. I did, however, learn a little bit of Korean when I was younger. Simple things like, “grandma,””let’s go,””I’m hungry,”etc. Unfortunately, I lost a lot of my Korean knowledge when I grew up. After I became serious about learning foreign languages, I gained it all back and more.

For anyone who hasn’t ready any of my posts before, I’m currently learning German, Korean, Mandarin Chinese, Spanish, Latin, Italian, and a little bit of Japanese. I’m currently the strongest in German and Korean.

Learning foreign languages can be difficult, but becoming fluent is definitely worth all the effort. Right now, I’m on the road to fluency. 5 years of German has definitely paid off. I can understand German conversations, novels, etc. (for the most part). I can converse, read, and listen pretty easily. Of course, I don’t understand exactly everything. And I definitely write better than I speak. 

After a year and a half of intensively studying Korean, I can understand when my mom is speaking to me and watching Korean children shows (like Pororo)-without the subtitles! The past year and a half, I’ve been studying on the internet, conversing with my mom, watching Korean dramas every night, listening to Kpop, reading some Korean children’s books…Anyways, I still have a long way to go when in comes to Korean. But I can get by. And I’ve definitely improved my skills throughout the years.




When I go to China and Germany, my Mandarin Chinese skills and German will definitely enhance since I will be immersed into the culture and forced to speak the languages. Until then, all I can do is study, practice, and more studying and practicing!

Kpop Addiction

Hello, everyone! My name is Christina, and I am addicted to Kpop. For anyone who doesn’t know Kpop stands for Korean pop. And no, I do not just mean I like “Gangnam Style” by Psy (whose real name is Park Jae Sang by the way). There is a lot more music than “Gangnam Style” or “Gentleman” by Psy. Well my viewers, let me tell you about some great Korean pop bands, singers, and songs. First, let me tell you how it all started for me.

A couple of years ago, I was trying to download the Miley Cyrus song, “Super Girl.” I downloaded a song titled “Super Girl,” but as I found out, it wasn’t by Miley Cyrus. Instead, I downloaded “Super Girl” by Super Junior M. I really like this song, but I wasn’t automatically hooked. Later on, I decided to some research on some Korean pop singers and bands. I saw some names like Ivy, but then I came across the girl group, f(x). I downloaded some of their songs-Chu, Chocolate Love, and Lachata. Then, I started watching a few Davichi music videos-the only one I remember is “Don’t Say Goodbye.” My curiosity grew for Kpop after that, but it didn’t hit me hard until a year and a half ago-when I got serious about learning Korean. When I started learning Korean again and watching Korean dramas, I started listening to the OSTs from the Korean dramas. The first OST I listened to was the OST for My Girlfriend is a Gumiho-“Losing My Mind” by Lee Seung Gi. 이 노래 제일 좋아요! This song is my favorite. 

I’ve loved Kpop since then. I have 400-500 Korean songs (approximately) on my Ipod by numerous artists. It’s all I listen to nowadays. I rarely even listen to American music these days. I usually skip American songs if they start to play on my iTunes, except for Maroon 5 every once in awhile. So yes, you can definitely say that I’m addicted to Kpop. 

If you are interested in listening to Kpop, here are a list of my favorite artists/groups and songs:

After School:



Members: (In no particular order) E-Young, Jooyeon, Jungah, Kaeun, Lizzy, Nana, Raina, and Uee

Songs: Bang!, Because of You, AH, Diva, Flashback, Shampoo

Beast (also known as B2ST)


Members:  (In no particular order) Dongwoon, Doojoon, Gi Kwan, Hyunseung, Junhyung, and Yoseob

Songs: Mystery, Ugly Person, Crazy, Fiction, I Knew It, Black Paradise, V.I.U, Midnight, It’s Not Me, When I Miss You, The Day You Rest, Dream Girl, Because of You, Shock, Easy, Take Care of My Girlfriend (Say No)

Big Bang


Members: G-Dragon, T.O.P, Taeyang, Seungri, and Daesung

Songs:  Blue, Love Dust, Fantastic Baby, Lies, V.I.P, Heartbreaker, Make Love, Love Song, Stupid Liar, Tonight, Cafe, Hands Up, Monster, Still Alive




Name: Kwon BoA

Songs: Disturbance, Hurricane Venus, Only One

Brown Eyed Girls



Members: Ga In, JeA, Miryo, and Narsha

Songs: Abracadabra, Sixth Sense, L.O.V.E, Sign




Members: Jung Yong Hwa, Lee Jungshin, Lee Jonghyun, and Kang Minhyuk

Songs: Hey You, Love Girl, In My Head, I’m Sorry, Mr. KIA, Coffee Shop, More Than You,  I’m A Loner, Love Light, Wake Up, Still In Love, Dream Boy, Imagine, Love Revolution, Man Like Me, La La La, a.ri.ga.tou, Where You Are, Intuition



Members: Kang Minkyung and Lee Haeri

Songs: Don’t Say Goodbye, Because It’s You, Shadow, Turtle, Love and War, Sad Promise, Be Warmed, Don’t You Know, Just the Two of Us, 8282

DBSK (Before) (also known as TVXQ and Tohoshinki)


Members: Junsu, Yoochun, Jaejoong, Max Changmin, and Yunho

Songs: O’-正.反.合, Survivor, Mirotic, Balloons, Crazy Love, Flower Lady, Love In The Ice

DBSK (After) (also known as TVXQ and Tohoshinki)


Members: Changmin and Yunho

Songs: Catch Me, 왜 Keep Your Head Down

F.T. Island


Members: Choi Jonghoon, Lee Hong Ki, Won Bin, Choi Minhwan, and Lee Jaejin

Songs: Hello Hello, Love Love Love, First Kiss, Girls Don’t Know, After Love, I Hope, Severely, U (All I Want Is You), Magic, Still, Beat It, Bing Bing Bing, Boy Meets Girl, Love Sick, Bad Girl




Members: Sulli, Amber, Krystal, Victoria, and Luna

Songs: Chocolate Love, Chu, Lachata, Nu ABO, Step By Me, Electric Shock, Sorry Dear Daddy, 1,2,3, Gangsta Boy, Ice Cream, Danger (Pinoccio), Mr. Boogie, My Style



Members: Sungyeol, Sungkyu, Sung Jong, Myungsoo, Hoya, Woohyun, and Dongwoo

Songs: Man In Love, BTD (Before the Dawn, She’s Back, The Chaser, Nothing’s Over, Be Mine, Paradise




Name: Lee Ji Eun

Songs: Rain Drop, You and I, Peach, Hold My Hand, Secret, 4 AM, Good Day, Someday, Every End of the Day, Last Fantasy, Marshmallow (featuring Taeyang)

Jay Park


Name: Park Jaebeom

Songs: Demon, Nothin’ On You, Girlfriend, Turn Off Your Phone, Happy Ending, Star, Know Your Name (featuring Dok2), Abandoned (featuring Dok2), Up and Down (featuring Dok2), Tonight (featuring Kang Min Kyung)

JJ Project


Members: Jr. and JB

Songs: Bounce, Hooked



Name: Choi Joon Hee

Songs: Pretty Boy, Ready Go!, Illa Illa, Happy Ending, Everlasting Sunset, Bad Man, Mask, Babo/Fool (featuring Jung Yong Hwa)




Members: Junsu, Jaejoong, and Yoochun

Songs: Found You, Be My Girl, Be the One, Get Out, Empty, In Heaven, Mission, Ayyy Girl (featuring Kanye West)



Name: Kim Hyung Soo

Songs: Please Don’t, I Need You, Love Blossom, Love Is Crying

Lee Hi



Name: Lee Ha Yi/Lee Hi

Songs: Rose, 1, 2, 3, 4, It’s Over, Fool for Love, One-sided Love

Lee Joon Ki :*



Name: Lee Joon Ki

Songs: One Day, Fiery Eyes, Foolish Love, J Style, Born Again, Don’t Know Love, The Giving Tree, Soliloquy, Together, Sweet Memory, You Won, One Word, I’m Ready, Lost Frame, Closer, Tonight, Case By Case

Lee Seung Gi :*



Name: Lee Seung Gi

Songs: Losing My Mind, Will You Marry Me?, Return, Unfinished Story, Let’s Break Up, I’ll Give You Everything, Words That Say I Love You, Forest, Invitation To Me, Smile Boy (featuring Kim Yuna)




Members: G.O, Thunder, Seungo, MIR, and Lee Joon

Songs: It’s War, Mona Lisa, Scribble, I Belong To you, Oh Yeah

Miss A



Members: Min, Fei, Jia, and Suzy

Songs: Bad Girl Good Girl, Goodbye Baby, I Don’t Need A Man, Love Alone, Breathe, Touch

Orange Caramel (subgroup)



Members: Lizzy, Nana, and Raina

Songs: Shanghai Romance, Bankok City, Lipstick, A-ing, Magic Girl

A Pink



Members: Park Cho Rong, Hong Yoo Kyung (past member), Oh Ha Young, Kim Nam Joo, Yoon Bo Mi, Jung Eunji, and Son Na-eun

Songs: I Don’t Know, It Girl, My My, Hush, Bubibu




Members: Woori, Seungah, Jaekyung, No Eul, Yoon Hye, Jisook, and Hyunyoung

Songs: Gossip Girl, You and I, A, To Me, Golden Touch, Tell Me Tell Me, Sweet Dream



Members: No Minwoo, Kwangmin, Youngmin, Jeongmin, Donghyun, and Hyunseong

Songs: Boyfriend, Little By Little, Don’t Touch My Girl, I’ll Be There

Seo In Guk


Name: Seo In Guk

Songs: Shake It Up, Broken, Tease Me, Our Love Like This (featuring Eunji), All For You (featuring Eunji)




Members: Minho, Key, Taemin, Jonghyun, and Onew

Songs: Replay, Sherlock, Lucifer, Why So Serious? Dream Girl, Stand By Me, Beautiful, Amigo, Ring Ding Dong, Hello



Members: Hyorin, Bora, Soyu, and Dasom

Songs: Alone, Push Push, Shady Girl, How Dare You, Loving U, Lead Me

Sistar19 (subgroup)



Members: Bora and Hyorin 

Songs: A Girl In Love, Gone Not Around Any Longer, Ma Boy


Members: (Not in any particular order) Taeyeon, Jessica, Sunny, Tiffany, Hyoyeon, Yuri, Sooyoung, Yoona, and Seohyun 

Songs: Twinkle I Got A Boy, Gee, Genie, Echo, Hoot, Dancing Queen
Son Dam Bi
Son Dam Bi
Name: Son Dam Bi
Songs: Bad Boy, Friday Night, Cry Eye, Amoled (featuring After School), Are You Crazy (featuring Eric)
Sunny Hill
Sunny Hill
Members: (In no particular order) Janghyun, Jubee, Seungah, Kota, and Misung
Songs: Midnight Circus, Goodbye to Romance, The Grasshopper Song
Super Junior
Super Junior
Members: Eunhyuk, Donghae, Ryeowook, Yesung, Shindong, Lee Teuk, Siwon, Kyuhyun, and Heechul
Songs: Shake It Up!, Mr. Simple, Spy, Why I Like You, Bonamana, Sorry Sorry, Show Me Your Love (featuring DBSK), Oops! (featuring f(x))
Members: (In no particular order) Boram, Qri, Soyeon, Eunjung, Hyomin, Jiyeon, Areum, and Dani
Songs: Lovey-Dovey, Bo Peep Bo Peep, Roly Poly, Sexy Love, Day By Day, I Go Crazy Because of You
Members: Soohyun, Kiseop, Eli, Dongho, Kevin, Hoon, and AJ
Songs: Light It Up, Shut Up, 0330, Round and Round, Am I That Easy?, Believe, Stop Girl, Doradora, Te Amo
Wonder Girls
Wonder Girls
Members: (In no particular order) Sunye, Yeeun, Sohee, Yubin, and Hyelim
Songs: Nobody (Nobody But You), The DJ IS Mine, Be My Baby, G.N.O, Tell Me, Like This, 2 Different Tears, Like Money (featuring Akon)
Members: (In no particular order) Siwan, Kevin, Kwanghee, Heechul, Junyoung, Taehoon, Minwoo, Hyungsik, and Dongjun
Songs: Watch Out!, Heart For 2, Here I Am, Phoenix, Aftermath, Body to Body, Begin with a Kiss, Daily Daily
Members: Dara Park, CL, Park Bom, and Minzy
Songs: I Love You, Fire, I Hate You, Ugly, Lonely, I Am The Best
Members: (In no particular order) Nichkhun, Jun K., Taecyeon, Wooyoung, Junho, and Chansung
Songs: My Color, Heartbeat, Hands Up, Electricity, Angel, Without You, Beautiful, Again and Again, Only You, Dance Tonight, I Hate You
Members: Jiyoon, Gayoon, HyunA, Jihyun, and Seohyeon
Songs: Volume Up, What A Girl Wants, Muzik, What’s Your Name?, Heart to Heart, Mirror Mirror, Love Tension, Creating Love, Superstar, HUH (featuring Beast)
Members: Yerin and Ji Min
Songs: Somebody, I Dream

Other Songs:
Hoi Hoi by Rainbow Pixie
Trap by No Min Woo
Sad Love by No Min Woo
Fox Rain by Lee Sun Hee
Two as One by Lyn
Kissing You by Lyn
Honey Baby Love by Lyn
When I Can’t Sing by Se7en
I’m Going Crazy by Se7en
Turn It Up by T.O.P
Knock Out by T.O.P and G-Dragon
Baby Goodnight by T.O.P and G-Dragon
High High by T.O.P and G-Dragon
OH YEAH by T.O.P and G-Dragon featuring Park Bom
My Everything by Lee Min Ho
Extreme by Lee Min Ho
Kiss by Dara Park featuring Lee Min Ho
Kiss Kiss by Kim Hyun Joong
Break Down by Kim Hyun Joong
Mission #4 by Son Dam Bi, Kim Hyun Joong, and Kim Joon
Jun be OK by Kim Joon featuring Kim Hyun Joong
Pandora by Kara
Crayon by G-Dragon
Missing You by G-Dragon featuring Kim Yuna
One of a Kind by G-Dragon
That XX by G-Dragon
Tonight by G-Dragon featuring Kim Jong Wan
Light It Up by G-dragon, Tablo, and Dok2
First Love by Lee Yoon Ji
Super Girl by Super Junior M
Break Down by Super Junior M
Ice Flower by IU and Kim Yuna featuring Kim Se Hwang
Can I Love You? by IU and Kim Soo Hyun
Pitch Black by Park Shin Hye
I Want to Date You By Yoon Shi Yoon
Ready! Merry! Go! by Romantic Punch
24/7 by 2Yoon
Promise by Lee Hongki
Winter Love by The One
Snowflake by Gummy
Promise by A.N.JELL
Bubble Pop by HyunA
Change by HyunA
Ice Cream by HyunA
Trouble Maker by HyunA and Kim Hyunseung
Sok Sok Sok by Uee

Black Day

오늘은 블랙데이예요! Today is Black Day! 

블랙데이 뭐예요? What is Black Day? Black Day is an informal tradition in South Korea. It is celebrated on April 14-two months after Valentine’s Day and one month after White Day. For anyone who hasn’t my previous post on how Valentine’s Day and White Day in South Korea, I’ll explain briefly and post the link below. In South Korea, the girls give chocolates and other kinds of gifts to the men on Valentine’s Day. On White Day, it’s the exact opposite. Men give the women chocolates, candy, and other gifts. For more detail:

Anyways..on Black Day, the singles who did not receive any chocolates or gifts from somebody else on Valentine’s Day or on White Day get together, dressed in Black, and eat  자장면 (also written as 짜장면) jajangmyeon-noodles with black bean sauce. Don’t let the black pean paste sauce scare you! Jajangmyeon is actually very delicious! 


블랙데이에 뿌까 슬페해요. 그래서 자장면을 먹어요.
Pucca is feeling sad on Black Day. So she is eating jajangmyeon.


자장면 먹고 싶어요. 근데 제 집에서 자장면이 없어요! I want to eat jajangmyeon, but I don’t have jajangmyeon at my house!